The Value of Trees

"The best time to plant a tree is 20 years ago.  The second best time is today."- Chinese proverb

Why Trees are so Valuable for your Garden:

Deciduous Trees:

RED OAK (Quercus rubra) Zone 3/30m
Popular large tree with leathery
pointed leaves and dark furrowed bark. Prefers loose well drained soils.

BUR OAK (Quercus macrocarpa) Zone 3/30m
Stately native oak with slightly twisted branches and fascinating thick cork-like bark. The easiest oak to transplant.

This tree features a distinctive, shag covered bark, which is easily observed on taller trees.  It grows well in both wet and dry locations, however it thrives when planted in well-drained soils. The wood has a strong, hard, elastic trait, and makes excellent firewood and is a good smoking wood for meat. Nuts are edible. It prefers rich, moist soil.

RED MAPLE (Acer rubrum)   Zone 3/20m
A fast growing maple which prefers damp soil. Green leaves turn brilliant red in fall.

AMUR MAPLE Acer ginnala) Zone 3/3m
A small multi-stemmed tree with pinkish-red foliage in fall.

BLACK ASH (Fraxinus nigra)  Zone 3/25m
A very hardy tree found along rivers and in swamps.

KATSURA TREE (Cercidyphyllum japonicum) Zone 4b/10m+
A lovely tree with heart shaped leaves that turn red and yellow in fall. Young bark is smooth becoming shaggy with age. Resistant to insects and disease.

GINGKO (Ginkgo biloba) Zone 4/20m
An ancient tree with fan-shaped leaves. Slow growing at first and resistant to insects and disease. Incredible unique tree.

PURPLE ROBE LOCUST (Robinia pseudoacacia 'Purple Robe') Zone 4/8m
A purple flowered version of the black locust.

RUBY LACE HONEY LOCUST (Gleditsia triacanthos 'Ruby Lace') Zone 4b/15m
Striking red foliage sets off this layered tree. Foliage is delicate and casts a light shade.

SUNBURST HONEY LOCUST (Gleditsia triacanthos 'Sunburst') Zone 4b/15m
A delicate airy tree with layered branches and brilliant yellow foliage.

BLACK WALNUT (Juglans nigra) Zone 3/15m
A highly prized tree for its beautiful wood and delicious nuts. Walnut seedlings take 7-10 years to fruit, so plant as large of a tree as possible to achieve production sooner. Black Walnut trees need spacing of 30-40 foot intervals and they are self-fertile trees.

BUTTERNUT (Juglans cineria) Zone 3/15m
A large spreading native tree with compound leaves, giving it a tropical appearance. Produces large delicious nuts.

RED DOGWOOD (Cornus kousa 'satomi') Zone 5/5m
This tree is a beautiful specimen tree for the home landscape, with large, showy deep pink flowers in spring and a strongly horizontal habit of growth; very particular as to siting, requires rich, well-drained acidic soil and adequate precipitation.  Satomi Chinese Dogwood features showy clusters of pink flowers with pink bracts held atop the branches in late spring. It has bluish-green foliage throughout the season. The pointy leaves turn an outstanding brick red in the fall. It features an abundance of magnificent pink berries from early to mid fall. The peeling gray bark adds an interesting dimension to the landscape.  This is a relatively low maintenance tree, and should only be pruned after flowering to avoid removing any of the current season's flowers.

RED DOGWOOD (Cornus florida 'Indian Chief Red') Zone 5/15m
This tree is a beautiful deciduous flowering tree which grows quite large.  It has red blooms with red berries and displays a reddish gold fall color.

PAGODA DOGWOOD (Cornus alternifolia) Zone 4/3m
A choice small native tree with a layered horizontal branching habit. Cream colored flowers in spring followed by purple-black fruit relished by birds. Young bark is very red.

YELLOW BIRCH (Betula allegheniensis) Zone 2/20m 
A Native tree with silvery-yellow bark. Prefers moist organic soils.

WHITE BIRCH (Betula papyrifera) Zone 2/20m
A Native tree with beautiful white bark. Prefers moist organic soils.

MAGNOLIA (Loebnerii 'Ann') Zone 5/4m
A small multi-stemmed tree with very attractive fushia-pink flowers in early spring.

ROYAL RED MAPLE (Acer platanoides 'Royal Red') Zone 4 /16M
The hardiest of the red-leaved maples. It maintains its rich royal purple color well throughout the season.  It is a dense deciduous tree with a more or less rounded form and it grows at a medium rate and can be expected to live to at least an age of 100 years.  This tree should only be grown in full sunlight. It prefers to grow in average to moist conditions, and shouldn't be allowed to dry out. It is not particular as to soil type or pH. It is highly tolerant of urban pollution and makes a fine accent or shade tree for larger yards.

SYCAMORE MAPLE (Acer pseudoplatanus) Zone 4/40m
This member of the maple tree family is able to grow quickly up to heights of 80 to 120 feet tall, with a large canopy of big light green leaves that spread out and cover the tree. It develops a beautiful peeling bark as it matures

SYCAMORE MAPLE (Acer pseudoplatanus 'Brilliantissimum') Zone 4/6m
This maple has leaves that unfurl pink and then progress to cream, yellow and finally green.  This lovely small sycamore tree is popular for its salmon pink young foliage in spring which turns yellow, before dark green in the late summer. The tree itself has a rounded, spreading form and will grow to just 3 x 3 metres in 20 years. The perfect tree for small gardens,  Brilliantissimum boasts a colourful display. Planted in part shade or full sun this small sycamore tree will brighten up the garden with its beautiful foliage and greenish yellow flowers in spring and winged red fruit in the autumn. A sheltered position in moist but well-drained soil
will suit.

GOLDEN WEEPING WILLOW (Salix 'Niobe') Zone 4/10m
Tree is upright and spreading with wide pendulous branches hanging downward. New bark is bright yellow.

JAPANESE MAPLE (Acer palmatum 'Karaori Nishiki') Zone 5/4m

Considered to be a superior selected form of 'atropurpureum' which features beautiful pink variegated leaves. Prefers moist, well drained soil and full sun to part shade.

RUSSIAN OLIVE (Eleagnus angustifolia) Zone 2/8m

Medium-sized ornamental tree with silvery foliage.  Fragrant, yellow flowers and long-lasting fruit that attracts birds. Trunk often becomes twisted and gnarly with age, making the tree useful for bonsai.  Tolerant of neglect, poor conditions and very cold winters.

Bloodgood Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum 'atropurpureum') Zone 5, Maximum Height 25ft.
Upright and considered to be a superior selected form of 'atropurpureum'.  It has a richer darker "Blood Red" leaf color than Japanese Maple (Acer palmatum). The Japanese Maple Tree is a very popular tree for landscape use. It is a slow growing tree, however. Works well as a shrub border. Soil Type: Moist but well-drained soils.

Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis) Zone4, Maximum Height 24ft.
Small handsome multi-stemmed tree with red buds which open into the most luxurious fuchsia colored pea blossom-type flowers before leafing out in spring. These small ornamental trees native to the eastern United States provide an early flush of color to gardens. Soil Type: moist, well-drained, any type of deep soils, full sun to light shade.

Umbrella Catalpa 'Nana' Zone 6, Maximum Height 15ft.
The Umbrella Catalpa 'Nana' is a dwarf variety that is great for small yards. Small, broad rounded, dense and uniform cultivar is grown for the topiary-like appearance. The foliage is large and heart-shaped and is rich green in Summer and turns to a rich, bright yellow in Autumn. The Umbrella Catalpa requires "no" pruning to keep its form. Planting requirements: moist, well-drained soil and full sun to partial shade.

Tulip Tree (Liriodendron tulipifer) Zone4, Maximum Height 100ft.
Magnificent tree is perfect for large yards. Fast growing and spreads 35-50 ft. Abundant yellow tulip-like blooms in late spring! Foliage turns a beautiful golden-yellow hue in fall. Planting Requirements: well-drained soil, full sun to part shade.
Golden Chain Tree (Laburnum 'vossi') Zone4, Maximum Height 24ft.
A popular flowering tree with 8 inch pendulous clusters of fragrant bright yellow flowers. It is a fast growing attractive deciduous garden tree.    
Red Buckeye Zone5, Maximum Height 15ft.
Showy, erect 4-10 in. long panicles of bright red flowers cover this small tree during the spring months. Blooms even in when planted in part shade. Planting Requirements: Can be planted in full sun to part shade and is heat tolerant.

Ohio Buckeye Zone4, Maximum Height 60ft.
It is the state tree of Ohio and is found primarily as an understory tree in the western half of Ohio, where the soils are more alkaline. A native of the Midwestern and Great Plains states it is a member of the Horsechestnut Family but it has smaller leaves. Planting Requirements: moist, well-drained soils of variable pH that are rich and deep, prefers partially sunny conditions.

Butternut Tree Zone3, Maximum Height 60ft.
Also known as White Walnut, this relative of Black Walnut is slower growing and much less frequently encountered than its well-known cousin. Its lightweight wood is beige-pink in color. It is also related to the Hickories (including Pecan, another tree with sweet-tasting nuts). Its kernel within the fruit gives it the common name of Butternut, as it is sweet and very oily. The Native Americans reportedly boiled the kernels to extract the oil, which was then used like butter while early settlers pickled the kernels in vinegar. Planting Requirements: prefers deep, moist, rich, well-drained soils and sunny conditions.

Sunburst Honey Locust
Russian Olive
Princeton Gold Maple
Autumn Blaze Red Maple
Crimson King Red Maple
Cutleaf Silver Maple
Harlequin Drummondi Maple
Sugar Maple
Golden Weeping Willow (Niobe)
Maidenhair Ginkgo Biloba
Schubert Chokecherry
Paul's Scarlet Red Hawthorn
Pin Oak
Golden Rain Tree
Rivers Purple Beech
Trembling Aspen
English Oak
Tricolor Beech
Korean Mountain Ash
Kentucky Coffee Tree

Coniferous Trees:

WHITE SPRUCE (Picea glauca) Zone 2/20m
A native tree that is super hardy and wind resistant. Often used for windbreaks. Very adaptable and resilient tree.

BLACK SPRUCE (Picea mariana) Zone 2/20m
A narrow conical native tree usually found in damp soils. Useful for sites where drainage is poor.


COLORADO SPRUCE (Picea pungens) Zone 2/20m
A popular conifer whose needles can range from green through blue-green to good blue depending on the seedling.

DWARF ALBERTA SPRUCE (Picea glauca albertiana 'Conica') Zone 3b/2m
Very popular dense dwarf that forms a perfect conical tree with delicate needles. Very hardy, but keep out of drying winter winds.

NEON BLUE SPRUCE (Picea pungens 'Neon') Zone 2/20m
A dense, upright tree with silvery-blue needles.

GLOBE BLUE SPRUCE (Picea pungens 'Globosa') Zone 2/4m

This tree is globe-shaped when young, it will eventually form a dense semi-dwarf blue tree.  

ISELI FASTIGIATA SPRUCE (Picea pungens 'Iseli Fastigiata') Zone 2/12m

Very narrow selection of blue spruce that stays tight.

CUPRESSINA SPRUCE (Picea abies 'Cupressina') Zone 2/10m

A tall narrow selection, very architectural.

JACK PINE (Pinus aristata) Zone 2/2-3m
A slow growing pine with bottlebrush branches.

RED PINE (Pinus resinosa) Zone 2/20m
When growing under natural conditions, the red pine develops a tall, straight, clean trunk and an open, rounded picturesque crown. The tree gets its name from the bright orange-colored or reddish bark, which divides into large plates as the tree matures.

WHITE PINE (Pinus aristata) Zone 2/2-3m
Slow growing pine with fine needled bottle-brush branches.

SCOTCH PINE (Pinus sylvestris) Zone 2/20m
A fast-growing, conical to columnar, medium sized conifer with distinctive flaking orange/red-brown bark. It develops an open-rounded, irregular crown as it matures. It is a very widely distributed pine that is native to northern Europe and northern Asia. Plants will vary in habit, hardiness and needle appearance depending on their specific native geographical growing region.

AUSTRIAN PINE (Pinus nigra) Zone 3b/15m
Highly valued and widely planted. Lower branches remain on main stem for a long period providing good wind and visual protection. It should be given ample space to grow. Mature trees have a stately appearance with its silver-gray bark and flat-topped look.

DEGROOT SPIRE CEDAR (Thuja occidentalis 'DeGroot Spire') Zone 3/4m
The narrowest of the pyramidal cedars. Slow growing with twisted foliage.

GOLDEN GLOBE CEDAR (Thuja occidentalis 'Golden Globe')  Zone 3/3m
A perfectly round dwarf cedar with golden foliage, especially in fall.  Needs no pruning to keep its form.

NIGRA CEDAR (Thuja occidentalis 'Nigra') Zone 3/10m
Very popular as a hedging cedar. Grown for its vigor, density and dark green winter color.

EMERALD CEDAR (Thuja occidentalis 'Smaragd') Zone 2/5m
A selection of cedar with bright green foliage and a dense pyramidal form with characteristic pointed tip.

SUNKIST CEDAR (Thuja occidentalis 'Sunkist')  Zone 3/8m
Forms a bright yellow conical tree. Recommended for it's nice color.

WOODWARDI GLOBE CEDAR (Thuja occidentalis 'Woodwardi')  Zone 3/3m
A near perfect round dwarf tree. Needs no pruning to keep its form.

LITTLE GIANT CEDAR (Thuja occidentalis 'Little Giant') Zone 3/1m

A perfect, very dense round plant. The finest dwarf globe form available.

COAST REDWOOD (Sequoia sempervirens)   Zone 6/100m
California's magnificent Coast Redwood is the world's tallest known tree and one of the world's oldest trees. Some trees have been measured at more than 360 feet. These giant evergreens inhabit a narrow strip along the Pacific Ocean from central California to southern Oregon. The Coast Redwood has excellent ornamental value because of its beautiful foliage and bark and its drought resistance make it fairly maintenance free, once established. They grow up to 2 feet per year, and make excellent windbreaks and privacy screens while still young.

DAWN REDWOOD (Metasequoia glyptostroboides) Zone 4/15m
An ancient tree rediscovered in China. A conifer that loses its needles in fall. A relative of the giant evergreen redwoods.

EASTERN HEMLOCK (Tsuga canadensis) Zone 3/25m
A large dense, pyramidal conifer of the pine family that is native to moist woods, moist slopes, rocky hillsides and stream valleys from eastern Canada south to G eorgia and Alabama. This species is noted for having the smallest needles and cones in the genus. Flat sprays of lacy evergreen foliage give this tree a graceful form. A superb specimen or screen plant.

BALSAM FIR (Abies balsamea) Zone 2/15m
Our native fir. Deep green flat needles and dense conical form. The consummate Christmas tree.

NATIVE LARCH (Larix laricina) Zone 2/20m
A tall conifer that loses its needles in winter after a spectacular bright yellow fall show. Displays soft lime green summer foliage.

JAPANESE LARCH (Larix laricina 'Japanese') Zone 2/10m

A larch with long bushy needles and bright yellow fall foliage


DWARF GOLDEN FALSE CYPRESS (Chamaecyparis pisifera filifera 'Nana Aurea') Zone 3b/2.5m
An attractive mounding plant with pendulous spaghetti-like foliage with golden highlights.

MIKKO FALSE CYPRESS (Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Mikko' aka 'Snow') Zone 4/1.5m
This plant has very similar growth habits as Baby Blue Chamaecyparis - but is more of a moderate grower. Feathery foliage is light bluish-green and is tipped in bright white. Has almost a "frosted" appearance. White tips are observed during the warmer seasons, eventually fading as temps cool in late fall.......and then disappearing altogether during the winter months. Great choice for a variety of uses - accents, group plantings, can even be planted close together (3-4 ft) and trimmed for use as a hedge/border. Although you may lose some of the brilliant white tipping on the ends if steadily trimmed. Does best in locations where there is a little shade during the hot afternoons - can sometimes get scorched in direct, hot sun. Height: 3-5 ft and spread: 4-6 ft. Growth Rate: Slow to moderate ( 4"-6" per year). Grows best in full sun to partial shade and average to fertile well drained soil.  Muching is recommended.

HOLLYWOOD JUNIPER (Juniperus chinensis 'Kaizuka') Zone 3
This evergreen conifer makes a striking specimen in the garden because of its upward twisting growth habit and its spreading, dense, irregular growth.  It has blue-green cones and a combination of juvenile and adult foliage. It also has scale-like vivid green leaves and produces many glaucous berries.


RUSSIAN CYPRESS (Microbiota decussata) Zone 13m/0.4 m
A unique plant of unrivalled hardiness. Resistant to disease and insects. Vigorous spreader with soft green foliage that turns coppery in winter. Substitute for juniper

BLUE DANUBE (Juniperus sabina 'Blue Danube') Zone 2/2.5m
spreadThigh high spreader that covers a large area. Disease resistant blue-green needles.

Lawson False Cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana) Zone6, Maximum Height 75ft.
This plant has a cypress-like, densely conical form with erect feathery branches. A native of western North America, it is a very popular species since it is highly adaptable. Also known as the 'Port Orford Cedar'. It's form is densely pyramidal and it has soft graceful bluish-green foliage.  It is quite stately and elegant in appearance. Planting Requirements: moist, well-drained, neutral to slightly acidic soil, full sun.

Baby Blue False Cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera) Zone4, Maximum Height 5ft.
Baby Blue is a very attractive false cypress with intense silvery blue foliage with a feathery appearance. Foliage has a slight purplish color in the winter months which makes this plant appealing year round. It has an upright, generally conical growth habit and maintains a nice shape with little or no trimming. Makes a great accent plant or can be grouped together in foregrounds. It has a relatively slow growth rate of 5" per year so it should preferably be planted in full sun. Planting Requirements: Full sun to partial shade.  Prefers moist, fertile, well drained, slightly acidic soils.

Lemon Cypress
Sawarra False Cypress
Golden Charm False Cypress
Eastern Red Cedar
White Cedar
Golden Japanese Cedar

Moffat Blue Juniper
Concolour Fir
Douglas Fir
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